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ISSN: 1012-6384

Abdullah Al.faraj "His life and Peotry"

Assist. Prof. Dr. Jassim Gali Rumi Al. Maliki

The Arab Gulf, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 1-27

Abstract:
The poet Abdullah Al-Faraj distinguished as one of the Kuwaiti poets who are founders of the traditional poetic movement which is led by Tabatabai that aimed to develop this poetry. This movement, also, attempted to get rid from the old tendency which was adopted by old poets and get poetry out of the typical and old monasticism such as from introductions and stand on the Balinese monuments in topics such as love poetry, lamentations and praise.
This paper studied the causes of his tendency to write a Nabataean poetry.
And his fondness in Nabataean poetry comparing to the traditional poetry and the main causes for his fondness which might be religious or humanitarian from his daily life especially since his life has passed two periods. The period of luxury, opulence life. The second period of asceticism and poverty and renounce life with all its worldly matters.

Figurative Functions in Poetry of Ghazi Al-Gosaibi

Asst. lect. Shaimaa Othman Mohammad

The Arab Gulf, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 28-54

Abstract:
Figurative functions which are presented by methods of (Simile, metaphor, Metonymy) consider basic substrate of the pillars of the poem. Poetry is based on imagination. The imagination is based on the image which shines in the reader's spaces to live aside some aspects of the life of the poet to share some poet's feelings and emotions that the poet has experienced in detail.
The function of simile is the most prominent figurative functions which is attendance in poetry and the most beautiful and influential because of its super capacity to shorthand and concise through its three corners
(Likened and likeness and point of resemblance).
We find many hidden worlds which cannot be hidden only by the glorious poet. And those worlds are only good to extract by smart reader's ability through feeling the beauty in them. The more the poet is brilliant in his similarities, the more his poetry is fresher, closer and more influential in the receiver.

The Turkish position towards the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait 1990-1991

Dr. Ali Jouda Al-Malki; Lecturer

The Arab Gulf, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 55-84

Abstract:
This paper is about the Turkish attitude towards the Iraq occupation for Kuwait 1990 – 1991 on the account that Turkey has a diplomatic device which is active and flexible which is able to reduce the effects of that occupation and to enter in meditation to end the crisis but the Turkish diplomacy finds regional role as it one of the most main actors the region due to its geo – political location as as a neighbor for Iraq. The direct cause which made it possible to stand up to its policy is because of the difference in possibilities between them as well as preoccupied with internal problems.

The narration of the cave as received by the narrators of Basrah.

Prof. Dr. Shaker Majeed Kazem; Assistant Lecturer. Alaa Hassan Mardan Al Lami

The Arab Gulf, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 85-112

Abstract:
This paper dealt with the transmission about event of the cave and the Prophet (peace be upon him) as it contained in the historical sources according to the narrators of Basrah and how these transmissions were transmitted? as well as what is the point of view of the narrator as a result of his transfer to the transmission? Which is it adopted in his documentation for those historical information? Did he provide a clear picture of this subject or not?
The study is devoted to only the narrators from the city of Basrah without studying the narrators from other cities.

Alwaleed bin Hisham Al-Qahdmi and his scientific status

Dr. Kifaya Tarash Al; Ali; Researcher. Ashraf Abdul hassin Ghadban; Ph.D.Scholar

The Arab Gulf, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 113-157

Abstract:
Alwaleed bin Hisham Al-Qahdmi is one of the most famous historical narrators in Basrah in historical blogging.
His scientific status is reflected in praise and amendment by scholars of biographical evaluation and historians. He is vertified as confident by checking his disciples who were transferred from him as Khalifa bin Khayat, Omar ibn Shibah and many others.
He has quoted sources of history and literature a lot and his transmissions in books of Al-jahz, Ibn Qutaiba and others whose number was 36.
He had written one book in Basrah. His transmissions extended for a long time since the pre-Islamic era until the beginning of the third century AH.
Spatial expansion of his transmissions included large areas of the Arab Islamic state such as Iraq, the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, Egypt, Oman, Yemen and Persia. Their number varied and most of it was saturated about Iraq and Basra itself until his transmissions about Iraq amounted to about 140.

The Specific characteristics for Water of Shatt al - Arab Near Power Plants And their suitability for different uses

Prof. Hamdan Baji Nomas; Researcher.Marwa Farid Odeh Kazem

The Arab Gulf, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 158-176

Abstract :
The research evaluated the effect Of the power plants (Hartha and Najeebiya) on shatt Al Arab water quality at 2015. It evaluates 6 samples for three sites to each plant. The analysis considered most of water chemical elements, water temperature drain water and Ec. The result shows high drain water temp. of 42 c compared with normal river water 22 c. The average drain water recharge to the river are 80000 and 12800 L/ h for the plants respectively. The EC, Cl, Na, Ca are ( 3 – 4 ,2 ) des . cem., (338- 362) , (271- 341) , and (167,197) mg / L respectively . most of the results are considered as unsuitable for most of economic uses.

Diwan Al-Nabegha Al-Shibani : Taqq to Say Preaching and Wisdom _ a Thematic Approach

Assistant Professor. Mariam Abdulnabi Abdulmajeed

The Arab Gulf, Volume 46, Issue 1, Pages 177-205

Abstract:
Diwan Al-Nabegha Al- Shibani committed to expression of manifestations which interest in a self and the other, and life and beyond by stating the elements that blend within them preaching and wisdom by clarification facts that text adopted to be defined and their implications for values and experiences that revealed by the poet about his own vision and the characteristic of the human soul as well as its links, or conflict with those values and what they reveal about changes the situations through time.
He, also, committed to say in the annihilation which revealing experiments that showed the depletion of things and their decay to a special universe. He described special items through describing the conditions of the people. Those conditions included relations, or acts, or images which are defined by variables that are happening or refer to them from the features of the ego and the limits of consciousness.
The poet passed on to the words about the results that infiltrate secretly from the action of speech and the consequent characteristics which consider as a window to the action that entails.
He mentioned when referring to the deeds the attitudes and visions that reveal concepts and values committed by the act in its multi-image and what it refers to perceptions.

The Role of Salalah Port Developments in the Growth of Re-Exporting Commerce in Oman

Lecturer Yehia Hmoud Hassan; Assit .Lecturer.Ahmed Saddam Abdulsahib

The Arab Gulf, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 115-131

This study tackles the most significant improvements in Salalah Port and the role of that in the development of marine transport movement . It also deals with the spread or re- export trade ,especially after the establishment of free zone in salalah and the attraction of commercial and industrial foreign investment which led to the raise of macro commercial activity level in the port , and the attraction of regional and international marine ships .That made of salalah Port a significant axis of economic activity after oil. The Port is also considered as one of effective economic bases of foreign trade in Oman as commercial development increased with globalization and technical advance that encourage different companies in the port to provide modern equipments and efficient electronic exchange systems, especially in containers stations to equip with international marine transport fleet.
The Role of Salalah Port Developments in the Growth of Re-Exporting Commerce in Oman
Lecturer Yehia Hmoud Hassan
Assit .Lecturer.Ahmed Saddam Abdulsahib

The Influence of Emanations of the block Factories on some characteristics of Agricultural Soils in the south of Iraq

Ali Gleas Nahi; Dr. Kazim Shenta Sa

The Arab Gulf, Volume 10, Issue 3, Pages 36-63

There are large numbers of the blocks factories expanded in Misan province (south of Iraq) which used fule the black oil for this manufacture. This material contains after its burn the chemical elements and salts as well as some of the heavy elements which could be sources to pollution of Agricultural soils in these areas. One of these reasons of pollutions contributed in raising the bulk density of the soils and decreased their porosity also increased the soil reaction and salinity.
The conclusion of this study that the more percentage most of cautions and anions and heavy element and salts location which far about (400 m) about the block factories, and the less percentage of these element were in the seventh location which far about (1400 m) from these factories.

The Arabic clothes and its relation with the uniform of public crafts in Arab Gulf

Abdul latif Hashim A. Al ka; Lecturer; abee

The Arab Gulf, Volume 14, Issue 3, Pages 59-88

The Public Uniform can be considered as a very rich resource to indicate the nation culture . This is because it indicates the origin of the nation : its habits , customs , and in herniated beliefs . One of these nations is Arab Gulf nation .
Thus in order to understand Such nation , the researcher tackles in this Paper the Arabic clothes and its relation with the uniform of public crafts in Arab gulf . This paper is divided :
- Chapter One ( Introduction )
1- An Introduction of public crafts clothes.
2- Traces the historical origin of the public clothes .
3- To document and record the public crafts for those who are interested in public inherited .
Chapter Two ( Theoretical part ) : It explains the factors which influenced the uniforms as in :
First : Religious factor .
Second : Natural infironment .
THIRD : Habits and customs .
Fourth : Economical .
Fifth : Emigration and inhabitant .
Sixth : political factor.
Seventh : uniform and craft .
Chapter Three : Methodology . This chapter includes :
First – limitation which is different typo of Arab Gulf uniforms with relation to their crafts .
Second – The Samples which inflows five public crafts .
Third – The data of the study .
Fourth – The study depends upon the historical , descriptive , and analytical views.
The study ends with some of the conclusions , results , and list of References.

The Role of Salalah Port Developments in the Growth of Re-Exporting Commerce in Oman

Lecturer Yehia Hmoud Hassan; Assit .Lecturer.Ahmed Saddam Abdulsahib

The Arab Gulf, Volume 6, Issue 1, Pages 115-131

This study tackles the most significant improvements in Salalah Port and the role of that in the development of marine transport movement . It also deals with the spread or re- export trade ,especially after the establishment of free zone in salalah and the attraction of commercial and industrial foreign investment which led to the raise of macro commercial activity level in the port , and the attraction of regional and international marine ships .That made of salalah Port a significant axis of economic activity after oil. The Port is also considered as one of effective economic bases of foreign trade in Oman as commercial development increased with globalization and technical advance that encourage different companies in the port to provide modern equipments and efficient electronic exchange systems, especially in containers stations to equip with international marine transport fleet.
The Role of Salalah Port Developments in the Growth of Re-Exporting Commerce in Oman
Lecturer Yehia Hmoud Hassan
Assit .Lecturer.Ahmed Saddam Abdulsahib

Analyze the Impact of Some Variables on the Malnutrition Disease

Bahaa Abdul Razaq Qasim; Assist Lecturer; Dr . Ma; ani Ahmad Al-Hakim

The Arab Gulf, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 94-108

The illness of Malnutrition has a direct and indirect impact on society. the direct impact leads to appear impact illness of bad nutrition , while the indirect appear in increasing of rates of illnesses among children under five years of age .
The continuing of illness of Malnutrition in society depending on feeding factors and others . The relative impact of these factors depend on the feeding state and the produce of it such as death .
The research aimed to analyze the impact of some variables on Malnutrition for the children a specially the weight . therefore the hypothesis of the research says ( there are many variables affecting directly on the weight of the children under five years ) .
The data collected from a questionnaire contained ( 69 ) questions distributed on the ( 50 ) families whose children suffer from illness of nutrition . the place is Hamdan region in Basrah , south Iraq . is that Vaccinations and the age of the Child are the most affecting reasons of bad nutritions .

The Production of RP English Vowels by Native Omani Adults :A Quantitative Analysis

Dr. Mohammed Ahmed Abdul Sattar As-Sammer

The Arab Gulf, Volume 42, Issue 1, Pages 39-94

The primary aim of this study is to determine if RP English vowels that do not have counterparts in Omani Arabic constitute learning problems to Omani adult learners ( OALs) of English, and to decide if the size of the vowel contributes negatively to vowel production as attempted by these learners. Other minor objectives are to elicit learners' of English feedback about the main oddities they have faced while studying RP English vowels, and the effectiveness of the teaching techniques used to teach these vowels. This feedback is obtained via distributing a questionnaire to forty six departmental college students who have already taken a course in phonetics.The subjects who took part in the experiment were sixteen OALs joining a college foundation programme. Forty tokens were read by the subjects where each RP English vowel is repeated twice. The results obtained were subjected to mean value and percentage analyses. As expected, non-existing diphthongs caused the major area of production difficulty, followed by non-existing monophthongs. In contrast, RP English long vowels registered little difficulty. The main strategy adopted by these learners to produce these problematic vowels was phonemic substitution. Diphthongs were replaced by long vowels while monophthongs were replaced by other equivalents.
The important findings revealed by the questionnaire are; (i) the most effective techniques that contribute to the mastery of RP English vowels are constant listening to native speakers, ear training, vowel identification drills, transcription drills, and minimal pair drills, and (ii) RP English vowels should be taught in a sequence, viz, monophthongs, dipthongs, and triphthongs.

Basrah Jurists: Ne'ma Al Jaza'eri as a Model

Asst. Lect. Hussein Ali Mehdi

The Arab Gulf, Volume 44, Issue 1, Pages 266-289

One of the important things for countries is the past. The Islamic Nation , like other nations, has got a history which is full of important events and in particular those that deal with Islamic Government, and the affairs of ruling . Islamic state faced difficulties and dark conditions. Many facts had been vanished. Many faithful historians .appeared since the declaration of Islamic invitation to defend and support the religion . One og those historians was Al – sayed naamat Allah AL – jezaary . He tried his best t o support Houzat AHil AL – Bait explaining their life . He was sincere and faithful to write about them . He was very outstanding writer among his colleagues.

Aspects of Saudi Arabia – USA Relations during King Abdul – Aziz Al Sauds ' Reign

Dr. Samira I. al-Hasson

The Arab Gulf, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 34-59

This research sheds lights on the relations of Saudi Arabia and the United States of America. The relations began in limited fields with the beginning of the 20th Century through Evangelist work and medical treatment. The United States realized that Britain had priority in the Arab Gulf and Arabian Peninsula Area on one side, and the limitation of its interests in that area on the other . By the end of the World War II and the development of the United States as a greet power , discovery of oil in the Gulf area and the emergence of USSR as a great power in economic , political and military standards pushed the United States to search for a position in the Middle East in general, and in the Arab Gulf and Saudi Arabia in particular.
The research falls into three sections. Section one discuses Saudi Arabia – US relations between the two World Wars, while section two tackles the role of oil during that war , and section three presents the development of the Saudi Arabia – US relations after World War II till 1953, King Abdul – Aziz Al Saudi' death.

Journal Information

Publisher: Basrah University

Email:  Gulf@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Assistant Professor Dr. Asst.Prof.Dr.Jasim Ghali Roami

About Journal

Quarterly scientific journal concerned with the affairs of the Arabian Gulf and the island in all aspects of economic, political and linguistic Tlajtmaih and issued by the Center for Arab Gulf Studies - University of Basra In the form of Guy folder within two numbers
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